"One of the first steps we are going to become involved in as an Organization of Afro-American Unity will be to work with every leader and other organization in this country interested in a program designed to bring your and my problem before the United Nations . . . We must take it out of the hands of the United States government."
– Malcolm X, Speech at Founding Rally of the OAAU, 28 June 1964
Under Obama, the use of force will return to its place as America’s option of last, not first, resort and the US will work through, rather than purposefully thwart, international institutions, even those that do not act as creatures of US power.