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News ::
26 Mar 2003
Political Psychiatry in China Today and its Origins in the Mao Era




Analysis of New Documentary Evidence
A Call to the World Psychiatric Community
To the Chinese Government
To the Chinese Psychiatric and Mental Healthcare Community
To the International Psychiatric Community
To Other Governments and International Bodies
The Soviet Case: Prelude to a Global Consensus on Psychiatry and Human Rights
Judicial Psychiatry in China and its Political Abuses

I. Introduction

II. International Standards on Ethical Psychiatry

III. Historical Overview

Law and Psychiatry Prior to 1949
The Early Years of the People's Republic
The Cultural Revolution
Psychiatric Abuse in the Post-Mao Era
IV. A Short Guide to Political Psychosis
V. The Legal Context

Legal Norms and Judicial Process
Counterrevolutionary Crimes in China
VI. The Ankang: China's Special Psychiatric Hospitals
VII. The Matrix of Theory and Practice: Readings from the Legal-Medical Literature

The Dangerousness Criterion
Official Statistics on Political Psychiatry
Diagnostic Concerns
An Illustrative Case
VIII. The Falun Gong: New Targets of Psychiatric Abuse
IX. Conclusions


Appendix I: The Cultural Revolution and Late 1970s

Document 1: "Give Full Prominence to Politics and Follow China's Own Path Toward the Cure and Prevention of Psychiatric Illness," Chinese Journal of Neurology and Psychiatry, April 1966
Document 2: "Give Full Prominence to Politics and Revolutionize the Clinical Management of Mental Illness," Tianshui Mental Hospital, April 1966

Document 3: "Analysis of a Survey of 250 Cases of Mental Illness," Chenzhou District Mental Hospital, August 1972

Document 4: "Study and Discussion Notes on `Analysis of a Survey of 250 Cases of Mental Illness,'" Yichun District Mental Hospital, Jiangxi Province, March 1973

Document 5: "Mental Disease Cannot be Regarded as an Ideological Defect - An Opinion on the Essential Nature of Mental Illness," Yang Desen, August 1976

Document 6: "More on the Essential Nature of Mental Illness," Jia Rubao, April 1977

Document 7: "Subjective Conjecture is No Substitute for Scientific Research," Yang Desen, August 1978

Appendix II: The Deng Xiaoping Era and Beyond
Document 8: "Summary and Analysis of Papers Submitted to the First National Academic Conference on Forensic Psychiatry," Jia Yicheng, September 1987
Document 9: "A Survey of the Current State of China's Ankang Hospitals," Tang Xiaofeng et al, Spring 1996

Document 10: "An Analysis of Forty-One Mentally Ill People Involved in Cases of a Political Nature," Luo Jiming et al, December 1996

Document 11: "On Negative Political Speech and Action," Liu Baiju, August 2000

Appendix III: Crackdown on Falun Gong
Document 12: "Psychophysiological Reactions Associated with Qigong Therapy," Xu Shenghan, Fall 1994
Document 13: "A First Look at the Forensic Psychiatric Evaluation of Falun Gong Cases," Shen Jun and Gong Yantao, October 2000

Appendix IV: PRC Draft Legislation
Document 14: "Mental Health Law of the People's Republic of China" (Ninth Draft), October 1990
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