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Who Are... The Righteous and Courageous Jews In Israel: (english)
by New Profil-dalto
24 May 2003
As the brutality of the military State of Israel continues to wage its unmerciful oppression against international peace workers AND the people of the Occupied Territories, young Israeli conscientious objectors wage their own courageous battle against the IDF.
A New Stage in The Battle Against the Occupation
Seventeen young Israelis, almost all of them high school graduates, are presently in prison for refusing to serve in the IDF. This is a totally unprecedented phenomenon. It involves intense personal sacrifice and a sharp battle between enlightened public opinion, in Israel and abroad and a growingly brutal military bureaucracy. The intervention of human rights
activists and friends of a just peace in the Middle East is both urgent and justified. It can be effective.
A Long Battle in the Courts and for Public Opinion
Ben Artzi’s trial will be continued on May 28th 2003. The trial of the ‘five’ (Matar, Kaminer, Bahat, Maor and Tsameret) should reconvene soon afterwards. Ben Artzi is fighting to be classified as a pacifist by the court or by being resent to the Conscience Committee. As strange as this may seem, a panel of military officers is entrusted by the IDF with the task of
deciding who is and who is not a pacifist. The legal battle of the ‘five’ centers on the demand that they be recognized as conscientious objectors, though they are not pacifists. Their argument is that it is perfectly reasonable that any person who knows and understands the workings of Israeli policy and its implications for the human rights of Palestinians under occupation would refuse, as a matter of conscience, to participate in military activity to that end. One cannot foresee how many other trials we will have to go through. It may be necessary to appeal vital questions of procedure and points of law to the High Court of Justice. It may well be
necessary to appeal the verdicts to higher levels, up to and including the Supreme Court.
The refuseniks are ready to fight and sacrifice. Their parents have organized a special action group named the Conscientious Objectors Parents’ Forum (COPF). It may be a long and arduous battle. We want and need all
the moral, political and material support we can gather.
Content and Background of the High School Students’ Letter:
The key development in the growing movement for conscientious objection among high school students was a collective letter, sent
(September, 2001) by sixty-two students to the Prime Minister. The letter came to be knows as the shministim (eighth-form students) letter. Not only did it reflect growing opposition to the occupation. It went further and linked this consciousness to refusal to serve in the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF).
Refusal by reservists in the IDF in Lebanon and later on in the occupied territories had become, since 1983, an important element in the Israeli peace movement. The high school letter was of particular importance in that it expressed the dissemination of the idea of refusal to a new important constituency. The high school seniors, as group, are a vital source for highly talented and specialized conscripts for the military. The educational elite is usually recycled, via the draft, into the military
elite. There were, over the years, several attempts by dedicated young leftists to avoid service, but nothing came close to the present scope of resistance.
Thus an organized, collective letter to Prime Minister Sharon, declaring refusal to join the IDF, on its terms, was a new phenomenon in the
history of the relationship between Israeli youth and the military authorities. To date, more than 300 young people have signed the letter.
Universal Conscription is Far From Universal
One needs to know the Israeli scene to appreciate how vindictive the IDFaction really is. More people evade the draft than are drafted. More than
one tenth of the potential draftees are released for psychological reasons. It is clear that the IDF would prefer that prisoners of conscience opt for a psychological discharge, instead of fighting for their principles. Tens of thousands of ultra-orthodox males are exempted for reasons of conscience to study in yeshivoth (religious seminaries). Religious, and for that matter
secular women too, can and do receive exemption without any difficulty, or choose to do alternative civilian service. But the IDF threatens the seventeen young men, who are genuine prisoners of conscience with military
courts and severe sentences. The cruel and the inane nature of the occupation seems to be taking over the minds and the souls of those who lead
The IDF Decided to Get Tough
A serious deterioration in the IDF policy towards the high school refuseniks occurred in or around the famous Ben Artzi case. Ben Artzi, a
genuine and authentic pacifist, was denied recognition and re-sentenced again and again in disciplinary proceedings until he was finally brought before a military court martial tribunal. The charge, of course, was refusing to carry out a legal order, i.e. to cooperate in the procedures
that would make him a full fledged member of the IDF. Five other young men (Hagai Matar, Matan Kaminer, Noam Bahat, Shmri Tsameret and Adam Maor also refused to complete their induction and were simultaneously charged and arraigned in a parallel proceeding. Another group of refuseniks is receiving repeated disciplinary sentences, and can expect to be arraigned before a military court in the near future.
The Amazing Refusenik Manpower Chart
We wish to address your attention to the enclosed list of refuseniks currently under different forms of military detention for refusing to join
the IDF. A few comments are in order. The number of young people in
detention in these circumstances is totally unprecedented in the history of
Israeli society. The dry numbers reflect no small amount of torment,
degradation for the young people and a tremendous amount of anxiety and
alarm for their parents and their loved ones.
When did this current wave of repression start?
Sometimes towards the end of 2002, the IDF authorities decided to depart
from their more traditional policy of discharging conscientious objectors,
after three or four jail sentences, as unfit for service. As a result, by
mid-May, 2003, Yoni Ben Artzi had accumulated three hundred days in jail! At
the tail end of the chart are the last three to enter prison, Pearlman,
Ronen and Reiss. Their sojourn in jail may be the most significant of all
because when they were called up in the beginning of March, 2003, they knew
full well that they were facing a long and hard battle to defend their
Who are the prisoners?
The group is rather heterogeneous. Many are graduates from elite high
schools, and most from affluent homes; but even in this group there are
those who are from single parent homes - where the struggle for subsistence
is no easy matter. Please note also the presence of three brave youngsters
from the recent immigration from the former Soviet Union. In addition to
the ‘normal’ difficulties and tensions, they and their families suffer a
tremendous sense of indignation at their treatment - not to mention the
dire straits at home where these refuseniks had helped to augment the sparse
family income. Sa’ad Rabia is a special case. He is an Arab, but the state
has classified him as a Druze. The Druze elders actually ‘sold’ him and
many young Druze to the IDF in return for favors and special treatment. Do
we have to add, that each prisoner is an individual with his own hopes and
Difference in Status
Six prisoners are in ‘camp detention.’ This status was achieved after a
legal battle by defence attorneys who argued that full detention in a prison
stockade, before any conviction, violated natural justice. Most of the
other seventeen are in one of the two main military prisons, which are
rather ugly affairs. Some of them suffer the additional rigors of the
isolation ward, a disgusting affair best described as a prison within a
prison. Some on the list are absent without leave, having decided to accept
the danger of increased punishment just in order to enjoy some sort of
breather from the pressure. And still others are waiting for the verdict of
one of the many military commissions that are charged with deciding their
fate. One young soldier was sent home for eight months by the ‘Conscience
A Conscience in Common
These young men do not belong to any single political group. Even
so, there is an important difference distinguishing between them. Many of
the youngsters have become deeply convinced pacifists; many others base
their decision on opposition to serving in an army whose main mission is
maintenance of the occupation. Moreover, whatever the philosophical
conclusion of each person, their humanist convictions and beliefs were
formed under the impact of the Intifada and the attempt by Sharon and his
government to drown legitimate demands in a sea of repression. It is highly
relevant to note that all those struggling against conscription, whatever
their philosophical approach, have offered to do civilian humanitarian
service in lieu of their military service.
A Long Battle in the Courts and for Public Opinion
Ben Artzi’s trial will be continued on May 28th. The trial of the
‘five’ (Matar, Kaminer, Bahat, Maor and Tsameret) should reconvene soon
afterwards. Ben Artzi is fighting to be classified as a pacifist by the
court or by being resent to the Conscience Committee. As strange as this may
seem, a panel of military officers is entrusted by the IDF with the task of
deciding who is and who is not a pacifist. The legal battle of the ‘five’
centers on the demand that they be recognized as conscientious objectors,
though they are not pacifists. Their argument is that it is perfectly
reasonable that any person who knows and understands the workings of Israeli
policy and its implications for the human rights of Palestinians under
occupation would refuse, as a matter of conscience, to participate in
military activity to that end. One cannot foresee how many other trials we
will have to go through. It may be necessary to appeal vital questions of
procedure and points of law to the High Court of Justice. It may well be
necessary to appeal the verdicts to higher levels, up to and including the
The refuseniks are ready to fight and tosacrifice. Their parents have organized a special action group named the Conscientious Objectors Parents’ Forum (COPF). It may be a long and arduous battle.
We want and need all the moral, political and material support we can gather.
Your Help Is Needed:
Make any donation you are able to support objectors in prison and on trial.
(Mark your contribution “legal aid to objectors “ to ensure it is earmarked for.)
Contributions can be made by:
1. Direct bank transfers to New Profile’s account:
HaPoalim Bank, account no. 421121 Branch 769, Trumpeldor Street Ramat
(Please email our treasurer kisch-e (at) zahav.net.il, or write us at the POBox
below, to let us know that the contribution is for legal aid.)
2. Posting checks directly to New Profile, at:
Ramat HaSharon 47271
3. Making U.S. tax exempt contributions to New Profile via:
Via Us/Israel Women to Women -
Please make out checks to US/Israel Women to Women, and add a cover letter
directing the donation to New Profile; post to:
US/Israel Women to Women
45 W. 36th St.
New York, NY 10018
Further information is available at:
The New Profile website: .
The High School Seniors' Letter website: .
The Yesh-Gvul website: .
The Refuser Solidarity Network website:
New Profile – Movement for the Civil-ization of Israeli Society
POB 48005, Tel-Aviv 61480, Israel
E-mail: mailto:newprofile (at) speedy.co.il
Voice box: ++972-(0)3-516-01-19