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News ::
25 May 2003

This contribution could contain a sub-title: “History of a nonsense.”
Were Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Karl Marx and Louis Lazare Zamenhof contemporary, but will they be refound? The works of some and of others they did suffer mutual influences? For Proudhon and what is Marx known one can answer for the affirmative, but and for Louis Lazare Zamenhof?
Firstly some dates. In safe terms your biographies can be summarized in six dates:
Proudhon: 1809-1865
Marx: 1818-1883
Zamenhof: 1859-1917
When Zamenhof is born, Proudhon is fifty years old and Marx has forty and one. They are contemporary efectively, but they are above all crossed. In spite of the emergence of the first brochure to treat of Esperanto, to July 25, 1887, Proudhon is killed before 22 years and Marx 4 years. Nor a nor another has therefore hypothesis in if they pronounce on this subject. L.L.Zamenhof, is still a new man with almost 28 years. But surprisingly, until this day, essentially in the movement esperantist, the allusions Proudhon and Marx are constant on the necessary theme of the universal language.
These two men, equal of the century XIX, truly rendered somehow an interest to this concept?
Is the subject headquarters of this contribution?
An exam, same superficial, of your works, he doesn't allow to reveal an evident concern for this I subject. This is not to surprise us.
Even after the imminent thinkers' time (Decartes, the father Mersenne, Leibnitz,…) they be tilted on the idea of the creation of an usable auxiliary language to the scale of the globe, the principle of the century XIX (of which do part Marx and Proudhon) he worries more about the development economic, of the mechanism, of the social transformations, continuations of the French Revolution. The idea of a language of international communication will appear above all at the end of the century with the explosion of the communication means (road-of-iron, steamships, telegraph, etc.).
At that time of Proudhon and of Marx, the linguistic obstacle it is outlined by the frequent published use… of French!
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