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News ::
Cyber Stalking and the Mentally Ill Person Stalking DeVoy (english)
11 Sep 2003
Modified: 12 Sep 2003
Please take a look at the provided link to understand the psychopathology of the individual cyber stalking me on Boston IndyMedia. It is not only very enlighenting, but you may find the information useful one day. I wish I had read this before this all started.
Please follow the provided link. For information on why this behavior is not funny, please read the following on the impact of Cyber Stalking on the victim:

http://www.cyber-stalking.net/victimimpact.htm

Impact of Stalking: Traumatic Distress

Pathé and Mullen (1997) asked 100 stalking victims to complete a 50-item questionnaire about their experiences. They reported that the majority of the victims were subjected to multiple forms of harassment including being followed, repeatedly approached, and bombarded with letters and telephone calls for periods varying from a month to 20 years. Threats were received by 58 subjects, and 34 were physically or sexually assaulted.

The vast majority of victims made major changes lives: 53% changed or ceased employment, and 39% moved. Increased levels of anxiety were reported by 83% of the stalking victims, while 55% reported intrusive recollections, flashbacks, nightmares, appetite disturbances and/or depressed mood. Almost 1 in 4 acknowledged having suicidal thoughts.

Their findings on major lifestyle changes and impact were replicated by reports from the U.S. Center for Disease Control, based on a survey of women in Louisiana during 1998-1999.

Based on the severe impact being reported, it should come as no surprise that 37% of the victims in the Pathé and Mullen study met the diagnostic criteria for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD); an additional 18% had features of PTSD but did not meet the criterion relating to threatened or actual physical harm.

Although I have not found any data (yet) that specifically address this point, I wouldn't be surprised to discover that the longer the stalking continues, the greater the risk of depression or learned helplessness emerging. Other studies have also indicated that stalking victims are likely to change their social patterns significantly (e.g., not go out as much) and experience strain in marital or family relationships. Comparable, perhaps, to what many rape victims experience, victims of stalking may change their pattern so that they never go out alone or significantly reduce the number of times they go out alone.

More recently, Kamphuis and Emmelkamp (2001) reported on traumatic distress in a community-based sample of 201 female stalking victims who sought support. As was the case in the Pathé and Mullen study, these investigators found that the majority of victims had experienced multiple forms of harassment including threats of violence (74%) and actual violence (55%). More than half of the victims met the criterion for clinically significant pathology on the General Health Questionnaire. Stalking was associated with substantial posttraumatic stress symptoms comparable to levels found in other kinds of traumatized victims. The investigators concluded that support-seeking female stalking victims experience pervasive and persistent threat and intrusion that may produce high levels of psychological morbidity. In a separate study, David, Coker, and Sanderson (2002) found that the physical and mental health effects of being stalked were not gender-related. Both male and female victims experienced impaired health, depression, injury, and were more likely to engage in substance abuse than their non-stalked peers.

It is important to remember that the findings above are based on studies of stalking victims, and while it may be that cyberstalking victims will experience similar problems, there have been no actual studies looking at victim impact of cyberstalking.

Cyberstalking's Impact on the Victim

While we have no formally analyzed or quantified data on the psychological impact of cyberstalking, the types of responses reported by the WHO@ organization -- i.e., victims having to change telephone numbers, e-mail addresses, leaving the Internet, etc. -- suggest that cyberharassment and cyberstalking may produce the same kinds of traumatic distress as that experienced by offline victims for both domestic and nondomestic stalking.

Indeed, one could hypothesize that that stranger-stranger cyberstalking might be more traumatic in some respects, as the victim doesn't necessarily know who their stalker is, doesn't know what the stalker looks like and may land up with tremendous anxiety or fear of all strangers. Consider the cyberstalker victim who doesn't know if their stalker is in their geographic area and doesn't know if their stalker has any history of stalking or violence. In this case, the "unknown devil" may be more frightening than a "known devil."

In discussing cyberstalking, Parry Aftab, the Executive Director of Cyberangels, said, "They are scared out of their mind and no one takes them seriously. The victim is victimized twice." Indeed, it may be hard for those who have not experienced it to appreciate how terrifying it can be to repeatedly get threatening e-mails from someone you don't know anything about. Or how, after being cyberstalked for months or years, a victim might become depressed or ill.

See also:
http://www.cyber-stalking.net/

Comments

Stalking and Psychosis (english)
11 Sep 2003
Here is an interesting bit on the psychosis of the cyber stalker:

Stalking and Psychosis

In the preceding section, it was pointed out that some studies have found that stalkers more likely to have particular types of problems than other types of criminal offenders with mental disorders and that love obsessional stalkers might be more likely to have schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder, which can also include psychotic features for some of its sufferers. Kienlen, Birmingham et al. (1997) reviewed the files of 25 stalkers to determine if there was any relationship between stalking and psychosis. They found that nearly one-third of them had an Axis I psychotic disorder and were delusional, but the delusions were not of the erotomanic sort (with one exception). For the two-thirds of the sample who gave no indication of psychosis, they found that there were a variety of factors contributing to the stalking behavior, including anger and hostility, projection of blame, obsession, dependency, minimization and denial, and jealousy.

Farnham, James and Cantrell (2000) reported on 50 stalkers who were assessed before their trials. As suggested by research described previously, serious violence was significantly more likely to occur in those cases where there was a previous intimate relationship between stalker and victim. The violent stalkers were significantly less likely, however, to have psychotic illness when compared to those who stalked strangers.

This latter observation replicates the findings of Kienlen et al., who also reported that their nonpsychotic subjects made more verbal threats and "acted out" violently more often than psychotic subjects. Of the psychotic disorders, erotomania and delusional jealousy seem to be the most often associated with stalking among the Farnham et al. subjects, which contrasts with what Kienlen et al. found.
See also:
http://www.cyber-stalking.net/psychopathology2.htm
Previous comment in my name is bogus. (english)
11 Sep 2003
The previous comment, attempting to claim that I did not post the article about Cyber Stalking, is bogus. It is a cut-and-paste from the statement I made after the libelous article concerning an arrest that never happened. As proof that it is a cut-and-paste, see the typo in each where I accidently typed "arrested" when I should have typed "arrest." The probability of making that same error twice is very low.

Do not remove the lead article. Boston IndyMedia volunteers can see the IP addresses being used, they have received an email from me where they can look at the header for the originating IP address.
Cyberstalking. (english)
11 Sep 2003
Stephen.... tell your fans how you screwed up.

They need to know how you stalk people and cause them mental anguish.

Or deny you targeted a person in Australia.

Explain how you didn't cause someone mental anguish by your Cyber STALKING
RE: Australia (english)
12 Sep 2003
No problem. I wrote a report showing the evidence supporting the conclusion that an individual in Australia might be a member of KOBE. I declared that the evidence was not conclusive but merely strong. The evidence included an image from the individual's website that matched closely a strange image used by KOBE. Other supporting evidence included the use of the same small set of proxy IP addresses and geographical proximity. I sent two emails to the individual asking for confirmation before publishing the report. The individual refused to respond to my inquiries. I then placed the report up on one of my websites with clear indications that it constituted a body of evidence but not a conclusion. Upon receiving a request by the individual to take down the information, I complied, deciding to take the word of the individual.

That is the whole story. That is not an example of cyber stalking.

Additionally, there is a member of KOBE in Australia. I do believe the evidence I presented is strong. I also continue to maintain that it is not conclusive.

I would like to add that one of the symptoms of the psychopathology of Cyber Stalkers (and stalkers in general) is to blame the victim for the crime. Another symptom is to create false reports of outrageous accusations and crimes in an effort to force the victim to respond. Cyber stalking is about control. You post this bullshit in order to force me to respond.

This is the second time I have responded to this request from you on Boston IndyMedia.
Strong??? (english)
12 Sep 2003
You mean that your "evidence" was strong enough to post her name and pictire and phone number on the net and accuse her of being someone she was not?

Then you "redacted" things, then later posted

>The individual previously named has asserted that she is not the person responsible for the harassment against me. I take her at her word. I've removed documentation showing a chain of evidence that suggested such a connection. Having decided to take her at her word, I sincerely apologize for any harm that laying out the chain of evidence has inadvertently caused her. I attempted to make it clear that the documentation I provided DID NOT prove that she was connected to the harassment, but merely displayed a strong correlation. It was never my intent that anyone would make such an inference. Correlations do not necessarily indicate a causal connection (which is why I stated, on each documented, that what was provided was not a proof but merely was suggestive).>

Suggestive nearly killed her.