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News :: Human Rights
Yale, French, Belgian, Danish Studies On Superior Vegetarian Health, Endurance, Flexibility
18 Jul 2011
Whether it's a short 4 minute mile or 26 mile marathons, vegan, fruitarian,
and vegetarian athletes have smashed records for every nonviolent sport

The studies cited are a small fraction of those

Yale Study

Tests have shown that vegetarian have twice the stamina of meat eaters. At Yale, Professor Irving Fisher designed a series of tests to compare the stamina and strength of meat-eaters against that of vegetarians. He selected men from three groups: meat-eating athletes, vegetarian athletes, and vegetarian sedentary subjects. Fisher reported the results of his study in theYale Medical Journal 2.

"Of the three groups compared, ... the flesh-eaters showed far less endurance than the abstainers (vegetarians), even when the latter were leading a sedentary life."3

Overall, the average score of the vegetarians was over double the average score of the meat-eaters, even though half of the vegetarians were sedentary people, while all of the meat-eaters tested were athletes.
Paris Study

A comparable study was done by Dr. J. Ioteyko of the Academie de Medicine of Paris.4 Dr. Ioteyko compared the endurance of vegetarians and meat-eaters from all walks of life in a variety of tests.

Danish Study

In 1986, a Danish team of researchers tested a group of men on a variety of diets, using a stationary bicycle to measure their strength and endurance. The men were fed a mixed diet of meat and vegetables for a period of time, and then tested on the bicycle. The average time they could pedal before muscle failure was 114 minutes.

These same men later were fed a diet high in meat, milk and eggs for a similar period and then re-tested on the bicycles. On the high meat diet, their pedalling time be-fore muscle failure dropped dramatically - to an average of only 57 minutes.

Later, these men were switched to a strictly vegetarian diet, composed of grains, vegetables and fruits, and then tested on the bicycles. The lack of animal products didn’t seem to hurt their performance - they peddled for an average of 167 minutes.5
Belgium Study

Doctors in Belgium systematically compared the number of times vegetarians and meat-eaters could squeeze a grip-meter. The vegetarians won handily with an average of 69, whilst the meat-eaters averaged only 38. As in all other studies which have measured muscle recovery time, here, too, the vegetarians bounced back from fatigue far more rapidly than did meat eaters.6


Robbins, John, Diet For a New America, Stillpoint, 1987, pgs. 156-158.
Fisher, Irving, "The Influence of Flesh Eating on Endurance,"Yale Medical Journal, 13(5):205-221, 1907.
Ioteyko, J., et al, Enquete scientifique sur les vegetariens de Bruxelles, Henri Lamertin, Brussels, pg. 50.
Astrand, Per-Olaf, Nutrition Today 3:no2, 9-11, 1986.
Schouteden, A., Ann de Soc. Des Sciences Med. Et Nat. De Bruxelles (Belgium) I

Who Was Irving Fisher?
Irving Fisher was a famous and brilliant Yale economist at the turn of the last century. However, like many brilliant people, he had a wide range of interests and was-known for his papers and books in many fields of interest, including diet and nutrition. His classic Yale study became re-popularized in 1968 after appearing in Nutrition Today (3:no.2,9-11, 1968). For information on Fisher’s many interests and publications, please see some of these other resources:

several superior vegan athletes and their photos

The meat fish and dairy industries have suppressed
news of the diets of Roger Bannister and John
Landy, the vegetarians who first broke the
4 minute mile.
See also:

This work is in the public domain
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