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News ::
07 Mar 2003
Modified: 08 Mar 2003
Analysis and Perspective
The Middle East has traditionally been a hot spot for terrorism. So much so that five nations — Libya, Sudan, Syria, Iraq and Iran — are on a government-recognized list of states that sponsor terrorism to attain political goals. The terror doesn’t stop with the Middle East, as chemical, biological and nuclear weapons from the former Soviet Union must be factored into the equation.


AL-QAIDA: Established in 1990 by Osama bin Laden, it was originally formed in an attempt to drive the invading Russian army out of Afghanistan. The organization helped finance, support and train Sunni Islamic extremists for the Afghan resistance. Their professed goal is the creation of a Muslim state throughout the world and to work with Islamic extremist groups to overthrow regimes it deems overly influenced by Western values. Al-Qaida issued a statement under the banner of “The World Islamic Front for Jihad Against The Jews and Crusaders” in February 1998, saying it was the duty of all Muslims to kill U.S. citizens, civilian or military, and their allies everywhere.
Members: Hundreds, possibly thousands. Based in Afghanistan.
Support: Mr. bin Laden, son of a billionaire Saudi family, is said to have inherited around $300 million that he
uses to finance the group. They also maintain moneymaking businesses, collect donations from supporters and illicitly siphon funds from donations to Muslim charitable organizations.

DEMOCRATIC FRONT FOR THE LIBERATION OF PALESTINE (DFLP): Originally thought to have claimed responsibility for the World Trade Center explosion, the DFLP, however, has denied the claim. In the 1970s it carried out numerous small bombings and minor assaults in Israel and the occupied territories, concentrating on Israeli targets. It was recently involved in an assault on an Israeli military post that ended with three Israelis dead.
Members: Unknown
Support: Syria and Libya

HAMAS: It was formed in 1987 to establish an Islamic Palestinian state in place of Israel. It conducted many attacks — including large-scale suicide bombings — against Israeli civilian and military targets. It has claimed several attacks during the unrest in late 2000. Hamas’ strength is concentrated in the Gaza Strip and a few areas of the West Bank.
Members: It has unknown number of hard-core members; tens of thousands of supporters and sympathizers.
Support: It receives funding from Iran, and private benefactors in Saudi Arabia and other moderate Arab states. Some fund-raising and propaganda activity take place in Western Europe and North America.

HEZBOLLAH: It is strongly anti-West and anti-Israel and is closely allied with, and often directed by, Iran but may have conducted operations that were not approved by Tehran. It was known or suspected to have been involved in numerous anti-U.S. terrorist attacks, including the suicide truck bombing of the U.S. Embassy and U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut in October 1983 and the U.S. Embassy annex in Beirut in September 1984.
Members: Thousands of supporters and hundreds of operatives.
Support: Receives substantial amounts of support from Iran and Syria.

MUJAHEDEEN KHALQ (MEK): Has developed into the largest and most active Iranian dissident group. During the 1970s the MEK staged terrorist attacks inside Iran and killed several U.S. military personnel and civilians in Tehran. It supported the takeover in 1979 of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.
Members: Several thousand based in Iraq.
Support: Iraq, front groups

SOURCES: Federation of American Scientists


The State Department maintains a list of countries that are known to sponsor or support international terrorists. The current list of seven countries (five are mapped):

IRAN: Iran has recently been the most active in supporting terrorists. It has supported Hezbollah, Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad in their attempts to undermine the peace process.

IRAQ: It has a reputation for providing support and haven to a number of Palestinian rejectionist groups and terrorists operating against Iran.

SYRIA: It also offers support and haven to terrorists opposed to the peace process.

LIBYA: While its ties to terrorism have subsided since the late 1980s, Libya has yet to comply with U.N. resolutions regarding the downing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.

SUDAN: It continues to serve as meeting place, haven and training hub for Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaida, Hezbollah, al-Jihad, al-Gama’at, PIJ, Hamas, and the Abu Nidal Organization.

NORTH KOREA (not shown above): Harboring hijackers. It has links to Osama bin Laden.

CUBA (not shown above): It harbors terrorists as well as sponsoring Latin American insurgents.

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You left out the Mossad. (english)
08 Mar 2003
The Mossad sponsored Hamas. The Mossad was responsible for 9/11. Israel firebombed an American ship called the USS Liberty killing and burning many US soldiers.