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Russia, China, France, Germany (english)
by No Transparency
31 Mar 2003
Modified: 01 Apr 2003
Here are facts and numbers for France, Germany, Russia and China, same adjectives and adverbs:
According to the CIA World Factbook, France controls over 22.5 percent of
Iraq's imports. French total trade with Iraq under the oil-for-food
program is the third largest, totaling $3.1 billion since 1996, according to
the United Nations. In 2001 France became Iraq's largest European trading
partner. Roughly 60 French companies do an estimated $1.5 billion in trade
Baghdad annually under the U.N. oil-for-food program.
France's largest oil company, Total Fina Elf, has negotiated a deal to
develop the Majnoon field in western Iraq. The Majnoon field purportedly
contains up to 30 billion barrels of oil.
Total Fina Elf also negotiated a deal for future oil exploration in Iraq's
Nahr Umar field. Both the Majnoon and Nahr Umar fields are estimated to
contain as much as 25 percent of the country's reserves.
France's Alcatel company, a major telecom firm, is negotiating a $76
million contract to rehabilitate Iraq's telephone system.
From 1981 to 2001, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research
Institute (SIPRI), France was responsible for over 13 percent of Iraq's
Direct trade between Germany and Iraq amounts to about $350 million
annually, and another $1 billion is reportedly sold through third parties.
It has recently been reported that Saddam Hussein has ordered Iraqi
domestic businesses to show preference to German companies as a reward for
Germany's "firm positive stand in rejecting the launching of a military
attack against Iraq." It was also reported that over 101 German companies
were present at the Baghdad Annual exposition.
During the 35th Annual Baghdad International Fair in November 2002, a
German company signed a contract for $80 million for 5,000 cars and spare
In 2002, DaimlerChrysler was awarded over $13 million in contracts for
German trucks and spare parts.
German officials are investigating a German corporation accused of
illegally channeling weapons to Iraq via Jordan. The equipment in question
is used for boring the barrels of large cannons and is allegedly intended
for Saddam Hussein's Al Fao Supercannon project.
According to the CIA World Factbook, Russia controls roughly 5.8 percent of
Iraq's annual imports. Under the U.N. oil-for-food program, Russia's
total trade with Iraq was somewhere between $530 million and $1 billion for
the six months ending in December of 2001.
According to the Russian Ambassador to Iraq, Vladimir Titorenko, new
contracts worth another $200 million under the U.N. oil-for-food program
are to be signed over the next three months.
Soviet-era debt of $7 billion through $8 billion was generated by arms
sales to Iraq during the 1980?1988 Iran?Iraq war.
Russia's LUKoil negotiated a $4 billion, 23-year contract in 1997 to
rehabilitate the 15 billion-barrel West Qurna field in southern Iraq. Work
on the oil field was expected to commence upon cancellation of U.N.
sanctions on Iraq. The deal is currently on hold.
In October 2001, Salvneft, a Russian?Belarus company, negotiated a $52
million service contract to drill at the Tuba field in Southern Iraq.
In April 2001, Russia's Zaruezhneft company received a service contract to
drill in the Saddam, Kirkuk, and Bai Hassan fields to rehabilitate the
fields and reduce water incursion.
A future $40 billion Iraqi?Russian economic agreement, reportedly signed in
2002, would allow for extensive oil exploration opportunities throughout
western Iraq. The proposal calls for 67 new projects, over a 10-year
time frame, to explore and further develop fields in southern Iraq and the
Western Desert, including the Suba, Luhais, West Qurna, and Rumaila
projects. Additional projects added to the deal include second-phase
construction of a pipeline running from southern to northern Iraq, and
extensive drilling and gas projects. Work on these projects would commence
upon cancellation of sanctions.
Russia's Gazprom company over the past few years has signed contracts worth
$18 million to repair gas stations in Iraq.
The former Soviet Union was the premier supplier of Iraqi arms. From 1981
to 2001, Russia supplied Iraq with 50 percent of its arms.
According to the CIA World Factbook, China controls roughly 5.8 percent of
Iraq's annual imports.
China National Oil Company, partnered with China North Industries Corp.,
negotiated a 22-year-long deal for future oil exploration in the Al Ahdab
field in southern Iraq.
In recent years, the Chinese Aero-Technology Import?Export Company (CATIC)
has been contracted to sell "meteorological satellite" and "surface
observation" equipment to Iraq. This contract was approved by the U.N.
CATIC also won approval from the U.N. in July 2000 to sell $2 million worth
of fiber optic cables. This and similar contracts approved were disguised
as telecommunications gear. These cables can be used for secure data and
communications links between national command and control centers and
long-range search radar, targeting radar, and missile-launch units,
according to U.S. officials. In addition, China National Electric Wire &
Cable and China National Technical Import Telecommunications Equipment
Company are believed to have sold Iraq $6 million and $15.5 million worth
of communications equipment and other unspecified supplies, respectively.
According to a report from SIPRI, from 1981 to 2001, China was the second
largest supplier of weapons and arms to Iraq, supplying over 18 percent of
Iraq's weapons imports.
IF YOU DON'T READ ANYTHING ELSE, READ THE LAST ITEM UNDER EACH COUNTRY,
AND YOU WILL SEE THAT THROUGH 2001, THESE FOUR COUNTRIES PLUS THE UN ARE
RESPONSIBLE FOR SUPPLYING IRAQ 81% OF THEIR ARMS AND TECHNOLOGY TO WAGE WAR
AND TERROR. OBVIOUS TO THEIR MOTIVES FOR A VETO OR "NO" VOTE IN THE UN.
Are we missing something (english)
(No verified email address)
01 Apr 2003
The leading arms dealer in the world is the USA. Why should Iraq make deals with the USA, after all we have been bombing them for a dozen years, have dumped nuclear waste that will continue to cause sickness for more than 4 billion years.
And the inhumane American sanctions have killed 600,000 children age-four and under from 1991 through 2000.
Also, it was not only the four countries named in this pro-war propaganda slilme that were against war on Iraq. Most of the world agreed, even if individual coutries did no trades with Iraq.
The No Transparency distortion is all crap and lies.