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The Arab American Institute's Guide to Howard Dean (english)
09 Sep 2003
Modified: 10 Sep 2003
Dean told TruthOut.org in May 2003 that the United States needs "a new oil policy... because our oil money is being used to fund terrorism in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Iran and Syria."
joinaai.jpg
Dean told TruthOut.org in May 2003 that the United States needs "a new oil policy... because our oil money is being used to fund terrorism in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Iran and Syria."
The Arab American Institute's
Guide to the 2004 Democratic Party Primary Candidates

HOWARD DEAN, Former Vermont Governor
www.deanforamerica.com

Israel and Palestine
On his website, Dean has said he "is committed to achieving a negotiated, comprehensive, and just peace between Palestinians and Israelis and remains optimistic about the chances for peace," and believes in the "full engagement of the United States at the highest level" in the peace process.

Dean has been very critical of the Bush Administration for a lack of engagement on the issue before the introduction of the Road Map to Peace. Dean supports a two-state solution, "a Jewish state of Israel living side by side in peace and security with an independent, demilitarized Palestinian state." But, he cautions, "to get there, the Palestinian Authority will have to fight terrorism and violence on a consistent basis to create the conditions necessary for a viable peace process. The Israeli government will have to work to improve the living conditions of the Palestinian people and ultimately will have to remove a number of existing settlements." Dean has also called for reform of the Palestinian Authority, and has been critical of Palestinian President Yasser Arafat, stating in December 2002, "I do not think that as long as Yasser Arafat is president there will be peace."

Dean has stated that "through it all, the United States will maintain its historic special relationship with the state of Israel." In November 2002, Dean attended an event hosted by Americans for Peace Now (APN), a pro-peace Jewish group. When asked if his appearance at this event signaled a preference for APN's views on the conflict, Dean stated "No, my view is closer to AIPAC's (the American Israel Public Affairs Committee) view... At one time the Peace Now view was important but now Israel is under enormous pressure. We have to stop terrorism before peace negotiations."

More recently in September 2003 he stated that an "enormous number" of Israeli settlements would have to be removed in the peace process. He also stated that "it's not our [the United States'] place to take sides" in the conflict. In response to criticism from fellow Democratic candidates Joe Lieberman and John Kerry, Dean clarified his position, stating: "Israel has always been a longtime ally with a special relationship with the United States, but if we are going to bargain by being in the middle of the negotiations then we are going to have to take an evenhanded role."

Civil Liberties
Dean states that if elected he would "work to ensure that racial profiling ends" and would direct his Attorney General "to define racial profiling as discrimination, and to withhold federal funds from state and local law enforcement that violate those regulations." He would also "appoint an Attorney General who sees our Constitution not just as a document to be manipulated, ignored, and violated, but recognizes and respects it as the fabric that binds the American community together," and would "oppose expansion of the Patriot Act, efforts to remove sunset clauses included in the act, and will seek to repeal the portions of the Patriot Act that are unconstitutional." Dean has specifically questioned the treatment of Arabs and Muslims: "These abuses are wrong and must stop immediately. I am appalled by allegations... that Department of Justice employees have, among other things, beaten Muslim and Arab detainees. This should not happen in America…The rule of law and due process must continue to be the hallmarks of our judicial system. I urge Congress to reconsider aspects of the Patriot Act and other anti-terror tactics that lead to such abuses. The government must protect Americans against terrorism while protecting basic civil liberties every step of the way."

Immigration
Dean states that as President he would "protect the civil rights of immigrants detained by the Department of Homeland Security." He also told the Manchester Union Leader on July 24, 2003 that the United States "ought not to be concerned about people who come to this country and work hard" and who do not get into trouble.

U.S.–Arab Relations
Howard Dean was an outspoken critic of the recent war in Iraq. He believes that while "Saddam Hussein's regime was clearly evil and needed to be disarmed, it did not present an immediate threat to U.S. security that would justify going to war, particularly going to war alone." He also believes that the United States’ dependence on Middle Eastern oil is detrimental to fighting terrorism. Dean told TruthOut.org in May 2003 that the United States needs "a new oil policy... because our oil money is being used to fund terrorism in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Iran and Syria." He also believes that the United States must take a much harder line on Iran and Saudi Arabia because they're funding terrorism," and that even though he believes that Syria sponsors terrorism, he does not believe the United States should invade.
See also:
http://www.aaiusa.org/dean.htm
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Dean is Weak on Middle East Peace (english)
10 Sep 2003
Dennis Kucinich is one of three progressives running for president of the U.S. Al Sharpton and Carol Moseley Braun are the other two.

www.kucinich.us
www.moseley-braun.org
www.al2004.org

(Rep. Kucinich's statement on House Resolution 392, expressing "solidarity with Israel" as it battles "the terrorist infrastructure in the Palestinian areas" -- May 2002)

I declare my support for the State of Israel and for the security of the Israeli people. I also declare my support for a Palestinian state and for the security of the Palestinian people. So I will vote present today because I believe the security of Israel requires the security of the Palestinians.

I will vote present because I believe the United States can do better through honest brokering, and a principled commitment to peaceful coexistence.

Today, we are missing an opportunity to lead people of the Middle East toward a secure and stable future together. This resolution equates Israel's dilemma, which is the outcome of the Palestinian's struggle for self-determination, with the United States' campaign against the criminal organization, Al Queda.

Unfortunately, our own policy is undefined, amorphous, without borders, without limits, and without congressional oversight. For this Congress to place the historic Israeli-Palestinian conflict into the context of the current fashion of US global policy pitches Israelis and Palestinians alike into a black hole of policy without purpose, and conflict without resolution.

The same humanity that requires us to acknowledge with profound concerns the pain and suffering of the people of Israel requires a similar expression for the pain and suffering of the Palestinians. When our brothers and sisters are fighting to the death, instead of declaring solidarity with one against the other, should we not declare solidarity with both for peace, so that both may live in security and freedom?

If we seek to require the Palestinians, who do not have their own state, to adhere to a higher standard of conduct, should we not also ask Israel, with over a half century experience with statehood, to adhere to the basic standard of conduct, including meeting the requirements of international law?

There is a role for Congress and the Administration in helping to bring a lasting peace in the Middle East; however, this resolution does not create that role. After today we will still need to determine a course of action to bring about peace. This course will require multilateral diplomacy, which strengthens cooperation among all countries in the region. It will require focused, unwavering attention. It will require sufficient financial resources. And it will require that our nation have the political will to bring about a true, a fair, and a sustainable resolution of the conflict.

When this Congress enters into the conflict and takes sides between Israel and Palestine we do not help to achieve peace, but the opposite. Similarly, the Administration should consider that when it conducts a war against terrorism without limits the principle of war is quickened everywhere in the world, including the Middle East. When it talks incessantly about invading Iraq, the tempo of war is picked up everywhere.

If we truly want peace in the Middle East, this resolution is counter-productive. I will vote present because I do not believe that this resolution dignifies the role towards creating peace, which this Congress can and must fulfill.


http://www.kucinich.us/issues/issue_middleeast.htm
Speak Out 2004: Dean Speaks Out on Middle Eas (english)
10 Sep 2003
from the Arab American Institute's website:

Last week, former Vermont Governor Howard Dean told supporters in New Mexico "it's not our [the United States] place to take sides" in the Palestinian and Israeli conflict. Since, Dean has been harshly criticized by two of his rivals for the Democratic nomination, Senators John Kerry of Massachusetts and Joe Lieberman of Connecticut. Responding to their criticism, Dean stated, "Israel has always been a longtime ally with a special relationship with the United States, but if we are going to bargain by being in the middle of the negotiations then we are going to have to take an evenhanded role."

Now it's your turn!
Please write to Governor Dean and express your support for a fair and balanced approach to the Palestinian -- Israeli conflict. (see AAI's form letter below)

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dear Governor Dean:

Thank you for expressing your support for a balanced U.S. policy in the Middle East. If peace is to be achieved between Israelis and Palestinians, it is essential that the United States be an unbiased arbiter. I hope that your commitment to fairness in U.S. Middle East policy will continue. Thank you again.

Best regards,
[ insert your name here ]
See also:
http://capwiz.com/arab/mail/compose/?alertid=3354636&mailid=3354641&target=CU&cu