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News :: Education
Copyright violation
02 Aug 2014
The Boston police fist fight photos, that I took yesterday and that appeared in bostonheraldDOTcom (my employer) are here on your site without permission. Can you get 'em off NOW! and pull it from your Reddit before I get the Herald lawyers to do so. Never use my photos again without permission. Ask next time. Mark Garfinkel
The Boston police fist fight photos, that I took yesterday and that appeared in bostonheraldDOTcom (my employer) are here on your site without permission. Can you get 'em off NOW! and pull it from your Reddit before I get the Herald lawyers to do so. Never use my photos again without permission. Ask next time. Mark Garfinkel

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Re: Copyright violation
03 Aug 2014
Modified: 12:46:06 PM
Post has been removed. In the future please keep in mind that:

1. We don't have a " reddit". If there is one it is not under the control of this site's administrators.

2. This site is based on community news submissions and is entirely run by volunteer labor. That means we can't exercise complete control of our content in real time, sorry.

3. If you want to be able to delete or edit your posts just create an account and log in before you post.

4. We don't track viewers, but they certainly number in the fractions of a percent those of the Herald. In other words, if your time counts for anything you lost more money complaining about your pictures being posted here than you did from the lost views.
Re: Copyright violation
06 Aug 2014
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"Fair use" of material is provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this video is distributed without profit For more, see:

17 U.S. Code § 107 - Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use

Current through Pub. L. 113-126. (See Public Laws for the current Congress.)

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include—

(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;

(2) the nature of the copyrighted work;

(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and

(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.
All Property is Theft
06 Aug 2014
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Police Arrest Shirtless Copyright Violator In Southie on the Greenie
Re: Copyright violation
07 Aug 2014
Perhaps the most basic, and paradoxically the most contentious, tenet of anarchism is its opposition to private property.

In 1840, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon wrote What is Property? Or, an Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government. This is considered one of the most influential works of anarchist philosophy and is the origin of the rallying cry “property is theft!” In it, Proudhon poses this question;

"If I were asked to answer the following question: What is slavery? and I should answer in one word, It is murder, my meaning would be understood at once. No extended argument would be required to show that the power to take from a man his thought, his will, his personality, is a power of life and death; and that to enslave a man is to kill him. Why, then, to this other question: What is property! may I not likewise answer, It is robbery, without the certainty of being misunderstood; the second proposition being no other than a transformation of the first?"


Karl Marx, although initially favourable to Proudhon's work, later criticised, among other things, the expression "property is theft" as self-refuting and unnecessarily confusing, writing that "... 'theft' as a forcible violation of property presupposes the existence of property..." and condemning Proudhon for entangling himself in "all sorts of fantasies, obscure even to himself, about true bourgeois property."

Max Stirner was highly critical of Proudhon, and in his work, The Ego and Its Own, made the same criticism of Proudhon's expression before Marx, asking "Is the concept 'theft' at all possible unless one allows validity to the concept 'property'? How can one steal if property is not already extant?... Accordingly property is not theft, but a theft becomes possible only through property."!
Copyright violation - Can Reddit Grow Up?
17 Aug 2014
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Since its founding nine years ago, Reddit has stuck to its own weird guns.

The site, where users find, share and talk about web links and photos, has been faithful to an antiquated design and still looks like an online message board plucked from the 1990s — think Craigslist, but with more Lolcats. You don’t need to hand over any personal data, not even an email address, to sign up and post or view an item. Discussions are often peppered with vulgar schoolyard humor. Unlike many other Internet start-ups, Reddit has never fully embraced the dominant business model of selling advertising to support its free service.

That is about to change.

The company is trying to jump-start its advertising business, as well as bolster some smaller moneymaking efforts. Its challenge is to figure out how to become a real business without changing the essential nature of the service and alienating its powerhouse constituency of 114 million intensely loyal monthly users. If it fails, those users could revolt and ultimately depart en masse, turning Reddit into an also-ran like Myspace — another social web giant that faded into obscurity.

“One of the things you have to be careful of when you have a site that’s 100 percent community-driven is how best to support that community and not make them feel like you’ve sold out,” said Kevin Rose, general partner at the venture capital firm Google Ventures. “You just don’t want that community to blow up on you.” Mr. Rose knows a little about this. He co-founded Digg, a link-sharing site similar to Reddit that had millions of visitors at the height of its popularity. Tweaks to Digg’s advertising strategy and site design ended in a mass exodus of its users.

Trying to avoid that fate, Reddit is moving slowly. The company already hosts a gift exchange, for instance, in which Reddit takes a cut of purchases made through participating vendors. There is also Reddit Gold, a premium membership program that users can purchase and award to one another.

“If we’re thinking this hard about the user experience, why can’t we try a little harder about the monetization?” said Alexis Ohanian, a Reddit founder and a member of its three-person board. The main focus, though, is advertising, a small but growing effort. Four months ago, the company added staff to its sales team, which now has seven people. It has also hired Ellen Pao, a former partner at the venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, to head up business strategy.

Reddit boss

(Ellen Pao, left, and Jena Donlin lead Reddit’s quest to monetize without alienating its 114 million monthly users.)

“We’re not monetizing to the full extent that we could,” said Ms. Pao, who made headlines two years ago when she sued Kleiner Perkins in a sexual harassment case. “Our business comes from wanting to be able to continue to serve as a place where people build awesome communities.”

That community is potentially a big prize for advertisers. Links that grow popular on the site often drive a surge of traffic elsewhere online. The activity has caught the attention of brands eager to show ads to large, enthusiastic audiences.

At the same time, Reddit’s distinctive culture may be a hard sell. Comment threads are often tough for the casual browser to understand. Many conversations are interrupted by in-jokes known only to longtime redditors, as users call themselves. Also, the content can range anywhere from a quaint series of animal photos to an intense discussion about bitcoin to graphic pornography, all in a single thread. That could spook brands that do not want their ads displayed alongside not-safe-for-work material.

Ms. Pao and other Reddit officials declined to give specifics on how the push to gain ad dollars is going or to share any of the private company’s revenue numbers. But last year, the company decided to continue spending on expansion while remaining unprofitable, according to a person familiar with Reddit’s finances, who declined to be named because of continuing ties to the company. For Reddit, a large campaign from an advertiser runs in the $100,000 range, according to this person, while a good-size single ad sale is around $20,000.

The advertising strategy relies on leveraging the site’s overall design. Users are able to create different subsections, or “sub-Reddits,” focused on specific topics of discussion. There are over 7,000 active sub-Reddits, with hundreds more created daily.

“Makeupaddiction,” for example, is a section dedicated entirely to beauty products and tips. Users post hundreds of conversation threads daily, often recommending different types of products to one another.

This is exactly where a brand wants to be, Reddit says. If a company like Estée Lauder bought an ad unit — a so-called “native ad” that looks similar to other Reddit conversation threads — at the top of the Makeupaddiction sub-Reddit, users in the thread would treat it less like an ad and more like content. But some analysts say advertisers may be skeptical of Reddit’s approach to user identity.

reddit offi
( The Reddit offices )

“People on Reddit want to be anonymous, and at some point these brands want to have a real relationship with their customers,” said Brian Blau, an Internet analyst with Gartner Research. “Can Reddit deliver that over time?”

Others say Reddit’s game plan is not where the advertising market is going. Many big brands are experimenting with buying ads through automated auction platforms, like those offered by Google and Facebook. These companies build profiles of users — age, web browsing habits, sex — and use those demographics to deliver better, more targeted ads. This is diametrically opposed to Reddit’s refusal to collect users’ personal data.

“Reddit is a 1998 product, trying to have a 1998 business model,” said Gina Bianchini, chief executive of Mightybell, a social networking start-up. “How big is the market for interest-based advertising when the biggest customers are moving to programmatic buying?”

Reddit has struggled with advertising from the start. For years Reddit tried, and failed, to get more resources out of Condé Nast, its former parent company, to expand and maintain its business, say people familiar with the internal workings of Reddit, who declined to be named because of continuing ties to the company.

In 2011, Reddit was spun out as an independent company; Condé Nast remains a majority shareholder. A Condé Nast spokeswoman said Reddit currently operates independently by design. At the moment, others may monetize Reddit’s content even better than Reddit. Staff members at the website Buzzfeed routinely mine Reddit for popular photos and memes, then repackage that content into so-called listicles that go viral. Buzzfeed boasts more than 130 million monthly visitors — more than Reddit. Last year, Disney considered acquiring Buzzfeed for nearly $1 billion.

For Reddit, the effort to make money is part of other changes happening at the company. It has slowly started to introduce new features, like “trending sub-Reddits,” to make the site easier to navigate. It also has plans to eventually release its own smartphone apps.


“All things change,” and Reddit is “powerless like the pebbles being swept up in the fast-moving river,” wrote Yishan Wong, the company’s chief executive, in a recent Reddit post. “Our goal is to make it change that you like, like when you go back to a mall you really liked when you were a kid and find that it’s become really awesome.”
5 Top Ways Reddit is Like Salem, Massachusetts in the 1600s
17 Aug 2014
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Oh, Reddit. It’s the epitome of everything that went wrong with the way the internet was supposed to be. If you’ve never had a run-in with Reddit, consider yourself lucky. It’s incredibly ironic that the company was founded in Massachusetts, because while it was not founded in Salem exactly, it shares many characteristics of Salem, Massachusetts as the town existed in the 1600s, specifically, during the time of the Salem witch trials. Perhaps Massachusetts has always been home to those who wish to be around others of their ilk; that is, those with a puritanical mindset. Reddit proclaims itself to be a social news website, but contrary to the normal definition of “social,”- casual and relaxed- Reddit’s version of social is more like looking out your window and seeing a giant group of villagers at your door with pitchforks, enthusiastically waiting to see if you sink or float. Of course, either way, you lose. Here, let’s examine the top five ways in which Reddit is like Salem Massachusetts in the 1600s, or, more specifically, how the community of Reddit users are like the villagers in 1600s Salem:

There is a strict set of rules and laws, like a moral code, that must be followed at all times

In Salem in the 1600s, the Puritans were instructed to follow a very strict set of rules and laws regarding morality. Anyone who did not obey was looked upon with extreme suspicion. It’s the same at Reddit. Now, there’s nothing wrong with rules, not at all, but the excruciating detail of the rules and sub-rules and sub-sub rules, and the fervor with which they are enforced, resemble a medieval community, not a modern group of rational people.

Mass hysteria

If the “community” thinks something is so, especially on a sub-Reddit, then no amount of logical explanation will convince them otherwise. It doesn’t matter if you state the sky is blue; if Reddit says it’s green, then it’s green. Period. Like a pack of wild dogs hunting prey, the Reddit users will hunt you down and ban you for saying something that goes against their mass hysteria mindset. The citizens of Salem Massachusetts were the exact same way, especially when some people got accused of witchcraft. It didn’t matter that witches don’t exist, no; instead, innocent people were murdered right and left due to mass hysteria.

They’ll turn on you in an instant

You may think you’re “popular” at Reddit, but watch out! One fine day you could wake up and find yourself banned forever. Why? You ask? Well, there are a million possible reasons: jealousy at your success; one of the moderators disagrees with something you posted; you won more livestock at the auction than your neighbor, er… you got more “up votes” than someone else; or “just because.” There is really no rhyme or reason to banning. It can happen for any reason at any time. Just as in Salem, you may think you’re well-liked, but offend the wrong person and you could find yourself with tied to a stake…er… banned from the site.

Hierarchy and cliques

Recently, several people were asked “what’s wrong with Reddit? Why is it so difficult to use?” They all replied the same thing: “It’s very cliquish.” In addition to being very cliquish, it thrives on hierarchy. There are those in revered positions and those who are peons. However, as discussed in point three, no one is ever really safe, because if the clique decides you’ve done something wrong or haven’t “interacted” enough, you’ll be cast out of the site pretty quickly. Besides that, the infighting and vying for position resembles early Salem. In Salem in the 1600s, residents were looked upon by other towns as being “quarrelsome.” There were constant arguments about church privileges, property divisions and who would hold power positions. It’s almost as if the two communities are completely interchangeable.

She’s a witch! Burn her at the stake!…He/She’s a spammer! Ban him/her from the site!

Reddit users absolutely adore banning other users. The banning is totally out of control. You can get banned for posting your own articles, posting articles that aren’t “popular,” posting things that “aren’t interesting enough,” If you down-vote too much, if you down-vote too little, if you get labeled a “spammer” for no reason, if you post too many links from the same website, if the link you submit is not “relevant” enough, if you pick the wrong sub-Reddit and… the list goes on forever. Just like in Salem, you could be labeled a witch if you had a cat, if you expressed your own opinion too freely, if you lived alone, and again, the list goes on.

Of course, the users at Reddit will not agree with this assessment, just as the Puritans in Salem were unable to see their own psychosis and pack mentality. Reddit is like Salem Massachusetts in the 1600s. Do yourself a favor- stay away from Reddit, at least until the users there evolve out of their medieval thinking.
Abolish Copyright
17 Aug 2014
Modified: 08:52:58 AM
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A Letter from A Copyright Prison

The real problem was that the 'repeated' fight photos from the Herald photographer were on the Boston reddit thread with less votes than the link to the same pictures on Boston Indymedia. The headline was better. More votes had gone to the copy than the original. On Boston Indymedia one could quickly see the six pictures of some shirtless lout stumbling upon a police investigation of a stabbing murder. On the Herald site the photos were in a click series of six - the viewer had to click, and click, and click. The Herald wants to show advertisers that people are their. So they set up gates. And gates. And more gates. So, someone must have noticed that the unauthorized, not monetized, display of the 'fight photos' were more popular than the official site. So, we get the post above. To utilize the image that I called 'the quintessence of Boston' I simply looked at the photos online from various news sources and did my own quick sketch with a pencil and scrap paper. Then I scanned the picture in photoshop and darkened the lines and took out stray lines. Then I posted that image on Imagr and on Boston reddit. I have over 600 views of my drawing. I never would have done the work if the photographer had not complained. I don't care who copies my work, even the Boston Herald. I write better headlines.

Sincerely - Abolish Copyright!
Reddit, Imgur and Twitch launch ‘DERP’ data research study
18 Aug 2014
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Prominent social networks including Imgur, Reddit, and Twitch join their forces to create a research partnership that will look into “social dynamics” of the internet.

The Digital Ecologies Research Partnership, or ‘DERP’ for short, describes itself as a “joint initiative by an alliance of community websites to promote open, publicly accessible, and ethical academic inquiry into the vibrant social dynamics of the web.”

The networks will grant major universities access to their data in the hope of furthering research.

DERP says on its website that it hopes to solve “two problems in the academic research space”. One is the creation of a single point of contact for members of the prominent sites and the other is the facilitation and coordination of cross-platform analysis.

“We envision that this will lower the friction to investigating these sites in more depth, and broaden the scope of research happening within the academic community,” the site states.

Imgur’s head of special initiatives, Tim Hwang, told the Guardian that the project materialized “as a result of Imgur talking with a number of other community platforms online trying to learn about how they work with academic researchers.”

He stated that the vast majority of the data was otherwise accessible through public APIs. However, “there are ways of doing research better, and in a way that strongly respects user privacy and responsible use of data,” Hwang said.

Research supported by the collective will be released openly and made publicly available, according to Imgur’s head.

He used the example of a Stanford paper exploring Reddit’s ‘Random Acts of Pizza’ subforum as a representation of what he hopes DERP could achieve.

‘Random Acts of Pizza’ is where hopeful redditors request that another user send them a takeout pizza. The Stanford study analyzed factors such as how the request had to be worded in order to increase the likelihood of receiving a free pizza.

The researchers were eventually able to deduce in 67 percent of cases whether or not a standing request for pizza was likely to be granted. Those which provided higher levels of information and context in addition to a captivating personal story were more likely to be granted.

Molly Sauter, a student at Montreal’s McGill University and a DERP researcher said she was satisfied that its establishment would “help diversify the online populations and communities being studied”.